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In recent times, Globe Building Industry embraces New technologies and new methods. In this exclusive civil engineering article, detail information is given on the modern construction methods.
In 3D Volumetric construction alias modular construction system, three-dimensional units are used in controlled factory conditions before delivering to the site. Modules are transmitted to the site in different forms which vary from a basic structure to one containing all internal and external finishes and services installed, all are prepared for assembly. Under factory conditions, the casting of modules develop service-intensive units where a high degree of repetition and fast assembly is required on-site for effective application.
Given below, the details about modern construction method:-
Tunnel Form: The tunnel form stands for a formwork system that can create monolithic walls and slabs in one operation daily. It integrates the speed, quality, and exactness of factory/offsite formed ready-mixed concrete and formwork with the adaptability and cost-saving of cast-in-situ construction.
This fast-track method of construction is effective for recurring cellular projects like hotels, apartment blocks and student accommodation. It facilitates economy, speed, quality and exactness along with applying the underlying benefits of concrete like fire and sound resistance.
The formwork sections for tunnel form are bigger and should be pivoted with crane out from the side of the building when the concrete gets struck. It is not effective for tight sites.
Also Read: Download Building and Road Estimating Sheet
Flat Slabs: Flat slabs are constructed rapidly because of modern formwork being simplified and minimized. Fast turnaround can be obtained by integrating early striking and panelized formwork systems. Application of prefabricated services is maximized owing to the continuous service zones under the floor slab; so flat slab construction facilitates rapid overall construction since it streamlines the installation of services.
Besides, flat slab construction also puts no restrictions on the placement of horizontal services and partitions. The occupier gets the ability to streamline alter internal layouts to adapt changes in the use of the structure. Post-tensioning of flat slabs allows longer and thinner slabs, with fewer reinforcement.
Hybrid Concrete Construction: Hybrid concrete construction incorporates all the benefits of precasting along with the benefits of cast-in-situ construction. Integrating the two, similar to a hybrid frame, the construction speed, quality, and overall economy become superior.
Hybrid concrete construction can satisfy the client's demands for lower costs and greater quality with simple, buildable and competitive structures that allow constant performance and quality.
Thin Joint Masonry: Thin Joint Masonry minimizes the depth of the mortar from 10mm to just 3mm or less that leads to rapid laying and superior productivity, specifically on long runs of walling. Construction speed is further raised by some 13.5 percent with large-format concrete blocks containing a face size equal to two conventional concrete blocks. The mortar cures quickly, attaining the full bond strength within one to two hours to avoid the problem of ‘floating’, as a result, more courses are placed each day.
Insulating Concrete Formwork: Insulating Concrete Formwork (ICF) systems involve twin-walled, extended polystyrene panels or blocks which are rapidly constructed to develop formwork for the walls of a building. This formwork is then filled with factory produced, quality-assured, ready-mixed concrete for developing a strong structure. The extended polystyrene blocks offer greater levels of thermal insulation and the concrete core offers strength and good levels of sound insulation.
Precast Foundations: With precast concrete systems, the foundations are built quickly. The components normally belong to a custom-made design and cast in a factory environment, providing greater quality for the finished product.
The foundations are frequently supported with concrete piles and attached together. These systems make the product better, specifically in unfavorable weather conditions, and minimizes the amount of excavation necessary. It is best suited for polluted ground.
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