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Benefits of using stools in Reinforcement Detailing

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Stools are also known as chairs. The purpose of stools is to retain reinforcement at the exact location as well as detach the top reinforcement & bottom reinforcement or to arrange sufficient spaces among the meshes.

The dimension of the stools varies as per needs.

While installing the main mesh reinforcement throughout construction, steel chairs are important to retain the spacing uniformly and retain the mesh reinforcement in place ahead of and after concreting.

The stools have good strength to withstand the loads devoid of modifying the gap of two layers. 12mm or 16mm bars are used to make the stools.

Based on the construction, several types of stools are available like wire chairs, plastic chairs, or small concrete cubes or cylinders. Some are even little dog bone shapes. It is also seen in raft reinforcement in foundation & footing.

The thickness of stools is dependent on the size of footing and slab. The spacing of stools generally remains 1 square meter for one stool. The diameter of stool is equal to diameter of main reinforcement.

The stools are found in the slab specifically in the downward portion of bent up bars to maintain exact spacing between top reinforcement & bottom reinforcement.

The height of the stools = Slab thickness – (2 x Cover + diameter of the top and bottom bars)

Also Read: Types of rebar spacers or reinforcement chairs & design of rebar spacers

Features of reinforcement stools:

• Superior strength and good constancy.
• Assure uniform placement of reinforcement in slabs.
• No adjustment is needed once pouring of concrete is competed.
• Resist the wire spacer sinking into the ground.
• Erosion and rust resistant.
• Hard-wearing and long service life.

Applications of reinforcement spacers:

• Utilized in suspended slabs.
• Applied in beams.
• Applied in vertical walls.
• Applied in slabs on ground.

Go through the following video tutorial to get more clear idea.

Video Source: Civil Engineer- Fieldwork Expert

Benefits of using stools in Reinforcement Detailing